1st New Jersey Regiment
War of 1812 - Born in 1763 William Ball began his own business in 1790. Many of his swords were marked and unmarked. The identifying traits are the uniquely designed eagle head pommels. Both identifying pommel designs can be found The American Eagle Pommel by Andrew E. Mowbray on Page 146 and 147.
Born November 15, 1791
Died January 8, 1849 (aged 57)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1811–1817, 1825–1849
Commands held Inspector General of the U. S. Army
Battles/wars War of 1812
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle of Fort Stephenson
Battle of Mackinac Island
Battle of Monterrey
Spouse(s) Serena Eliza Livingston
Personal life - (Courtesy of Wikipedia)Croghan married Serena Eliza Livingston (1795–1884), a daughter of John R. Livingston and Margaret (née Sheafe)
Livingston. Serena was a granddaughter of Robert Livingston (1718–1775) of Clermont Manor in New York.  Together, they were the parents of:
Mary Angelica Croghan (1819–1906), who married the Rev. Christopher Billop Wyatt, a grandson of Christopher Billop, in 1848. 
St. George Louis Livingston Croghan (1823–1861), who married Cornelia Adelaide Ridgely, daughter of Commodore Charles C. Ridgely (son of Gov. Charles C. Ridgely) and Cornelia Louisiana (née Livingston) Ridgely (daughter of Robert L. Livingston and granddaughter of Walter Livingston), in 1846.
Serena Livingston Croghan (1833–1926), who married Augustus Frederick Rodgers.
Croghan died in New Orleans, Louisiana during the cholera epidemic of 1849, which had high mortality rates. He was buried at the site of Fort Stephenson, in what is now Fremont, Ohio.
Legacy and honors
Croghan's tomb and a soldiers' memorial to the war installed by the DAR in 1903 are both located on the library grounds near Croghan Street, which was renamed in his honor.
The village and town of Croghan, New York are also named after him.
This is a saber that has it all! This is the highest-grade cavalry officer saber that Emmerson and Silver made. The relief cast silver grip depicts a mounted cavalry officer with saber raised embedded in a hillside scene with mountain backdrop. The German silver scabbard is finely engraved and includes a stallion head embellishment. The scabbard mounts are open cast depictions of military motifs and galloping firing cavalry officer on horseback. The drag open, relief cast gilded drag exhibits an officer standing with American flag. The blade is superbly etched with a battle scene, caped soldier, military motifs, and motto "Where Liberty Dwells / There is my country". This is truly a rare and magnificent saber with not many circulating the private collector market. One does currently reside in the Smithsonian.
Revolutionary War - This hallmarked early American silver hilt is shown on pages 252-253 of "American Silver-Hilted, Revolutionary and Early Federal Swords: Vol. I" by Daniel D. Hartzler. William Northey lived between 1735 and 1804. He was born in Salem, Massachusetts. He was a Quaker and during the Revolutionary War, he strayed from his pacifist views and joined the Patriots against English commerce. He is listed as a weapons maker for the Committee of Safety and was "read out" of the Society of Friends. The wide, tapered, double-edged broadsword blade dates to the early 18th century. It has a tapered shallow center fuller. On the right side it is inscribed "NO ME SA VIS SIN RASON" and on the other side "NO ME ENBAINES SIN HONOR". This translates to "Do not draw me without reason, nor sheath me without honor". The silver semi-basket hilt features a branch on each side of the guard and a forward curled quillon. There are two branches on the right side and one was once on the left side. At the top where the knucklebow meets the pommel, there are two "WN" hallmarks in rectangles for William Northey.
This, silver Lions Head Pommel sword, comes from the Lattimer Collection and is featured on Page 161 of Silver Mounted Swords - The Lattimer Collection by Daniel Hartzler. The sword silversmith is identified to William Faris by the "WF" on the forward-facing front guard. William Faris was a silversmith located in the Annapolis region of Maryland. The sword is also document in William Hartzler's book American Silver-Hilted, Revolutionary and Early Federal Period Swords on Page 281. This is an exceedingly rare surviving piece of American sword culture.
This example has rare reverse cast scabbard mounts with naval an oak embellishments. The example also exhibits a crossover marking with the blade marked Springfield and the scabbard marked Cabotville. Ames moved from Springfield to Cabottville in 1838. They moved from Cabotville to their Chicopee address in 1848. The blade is of exceptional condition given that many of these blades are not given their exposure to marine conditions. The etching is clean and detailed with frosting in tact. Note the ship undersail and the sailor with spyglass in the rigging. The blade is also adorned with fouled anchor, canon, military motifs and oak with vine. Stunning! The patriotic eagle with motto "E pluribus Unum" ("Out of many, one") is etched in on one side of the blade with "US Navy" on the other. These blades are also found on earlier non-regulation naval officer swords'. Great piece, love it!
War of 1812 American Silver Bird Head Sabre. Lady Liberty on beach with Eagle soaring overhead. Eagle standing on stand of arms on beach with English ship depicted & patriotic motifs. Tri-color, American embellished blade in English style with US of A on blade. This sword is featured in Daniel Hartzler’s book American Silver-Hilted, Revolutionary and Early Federal Swords Page 51 & 52.
The top mount of this sword is monogrammed "GC", which can POSSIBLY be attributed to Colonel George Croghan. Right initials, right War of 1812 period, right grade of sword.
After he graduated from William and Mary, Croghan joined the U.S. Army. He fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He also served at Fort Meigs (modern Perrysburg, Ohio) with distinction. For his defense with a small garrison against a British attack during the Battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, in 1813 during the War of 1812, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He later led a troop that was defeated in the Battle of Mackinac Island. (Courtesy of Wikipedia)
Following the war, Croghan resigned from the army during a reduction in force and was appointed as a postmaster in New Orleans. In 1825, he became one of the two inspector generals in the army. During the Mexican–American War Croghan fought as a colonel at Monterrey. (Courtesy of Wikipedia)
Magnificently chased and engraved Civil War Naval Officer's Sword. Grip is silver cast as shark skin with twisted wire wrap. Conventional engraved naval pommel with carved and engraved fish as the heel affixing to the pommel. Similarly engraved fish quillion. Prominent USN engraved into guard. Minty blade retains original polish with fine etched blade endowed with pristine gold wash. Adorning motifs include fowled anchor, patriotic eagle, stand of arms, mast, "USN", standing eagle on canon, the Horstmann makers mark and a keystone mark.
The scabbard mounts are engraved on both sides, all with deeply cast and engraved knots with twisted rope rings. The top mountain has an intricately carved Man O War sailing ship on the front with the "USN" on the rear. All adornd in chased and engraved patterns. Middle mount displays a patriotic eagle with ribbon in beak inset in pleasing, engraved pattern. The drag exhibits similar patterning with ships anchor on the front and American shield on the rear. The drag is the customary, yet finely engraved, fish figure. Both sides engraved.
This is simply one of the finest high-grade 1852 naval officer's sword I have seen. A true work of art and will certainly add prestige to the most advanced collector's collection.
War of 1812 - William Ball (1763-1815) Classic silver eagle pommel sword attributed to William Ball. Including one with the top of the fullers engraved with ornate gilded foliate scrollwork on both sides of the blade and are followed by a vignette flanked by more scrollwork at both ends. The center of the vignette features an arm holding a sword over a ribbon in which the words "FOR MY COUNTRY" are engraved. This sword is featured in Daniel Hartzler’s book American Silver-Hilted, Revolutionary and Early Federal Swords and The American Eagle Pommel by Andrew E. Mowbray.
War of 1812 – High Grade Salter (Parrot Beaked) Eagle no later than 1810. Maker Clark & Rogers, New Orleans. Blade etched and decorated in the style similar to the British Lloyds of London 1805 presentation swords. This sword is featured in Daniel Hartzler’s book American Silver-Hilted, Revolutionary and Early Federal Swords Page 650-651. A similar Salter eagle head example by Clark & Rogers, New Orleans which was presented to Captain Samuel Price is located in the Tennessee State Museum (The American Eagle Pommel by Andrew E. Mowbray - Page 72). This is the finest blade of any eagle head sabre I have seen in my years of collecting.
Congressional medal presented by Congress February 13, 1835. Obverse: Presented by Congress to Colonel George Croghan, 1835. Bust of Colonel Croghan Reverse: Pars Magna Fuit (His share was great.) Ft. Stephenson with three gunboats on Lake Erie in background
This sword I purchased from a gentleman in France. He claimed it was from an estate of the family of the person in the portrait who fought on the side of the Americans against the British during the revolutionary war. This sword is later than that period, but in fairness, could have belonged to him. It is blade dated earlier than the War of 1812 - Un-crested Silver Philadelphia eagle head sabre. These swords are not often marked with a maker's touche mark. It is speculated for fear of British reprisal. This is an exceptional model with surviving original scabbard. The German blade dated "1806" is further marked with a running animal of sorts. Examples of the un-crested eagles are found both in the Lattimer Collection and in Daniel Hartzler's books.
This beautiful and historic sword was presented to Brevet Captain B.F. Harley by his "fellow citizens" of Philadelphia upon his return from service in Mexico and bears the city's coat of arms on silver plaque applied to the obverse shield-shaped langet, with Harley's name, rank and regiment on the reverse, and a beautiful, lengthy presentation on the scabbard.
The sword is a very high grade and relatively early work by Horstmann, stamped "W.H.HORSTMANN / & SONS / MAKERS" on the scabbard upper reverse. The gilt brass hilt and scabbard preserve better than 90 percent of their original gilt finish. The pommel is cast and chased with floral decoration, urn-shaped but reminiscent of a flower bulb in outline, something picked up in the foliate scabbard engraving. Set in the pommel cap is a large amethyst. The crossguard is cruciform, with flat, flaring quillons bearing an eagle with U.S. shield on its chest at either end on both sides. The kuckleguard consists of a woven chain of flat metal ribbons, from pommel cap to tip of one quillon, likely gilt originally, but with loss of finish from flexing. The grip is octagonal, silver, engraved on each face with floral scrolls, leaves and berries, along with patriotic and martial elements such as a U.S. shield and quiver. Shield-shaped langets extend from the quillon block on both sides. The obverse bears a separately applied silver plaque with the arms of the City of Philadelphia. The reverse langet is engraved, "Brevet Captn / Benjn. Franklin Harley / of the / 11th Infantry / USA" in beautiful script and block letters between flourishes. The silver grip and plaque have a matching, mellow, aged patina. The plaque has raised slightly at the upper edge, but is secure.
The scabbard is plain on the reverse and elaborately decorated on the obverse. Like the hilt, it has better than 90 percent of its gilt finish and is fitted with two carrying rings with the ring mounts cast and chased with an eight-pointed star in a wreath, flanked by split fans of leaves. The drag has a similar split fan at top and long leafy branch extending the tip. The blade of the drag is rendered as two sea serpents meeting face to face at bottom with open mouths, giving the distinct impression of smiles. The raised panels of the ring mounts and drag mark off two, long engraved panels on the scabbard body. The lower panel features a large eagle with stars and glory overhead, sitting on a U.S. shield. Below this extends a long grape vine sprouting leaves and clusters of grapes at five points. The same motif of grapevines, leaves, and grapes frames the beautiful engraved presentation in the upper panel: "Presented to BREVET CAPTn BENJAMIN FRANKLIN HARLEY of / Philadelphia by his fellow Citizens for the promptness shown in the offer of his services to / his Country and for his Gallant conduct in the Battles of Contreras, Churubusco, and / Particularly at Molino del Rey, at the capture of Chapultepec, the Garita San Cosme/ and the final capture of the City of Mexico / Philadelphia Oct. 26, 1848."
The blade is spadroon form, with central fuller and spearpoint. The edge and point are good. Both sides are etched. The etching is fully visible and legible, though soft from wiping down over the years. The obverse has an urn at bottom from which a leafy branch extends to a lengthwise cartouche with flamboyant ends containing a "U.S" surrounded by stars. The reverse has a similar foliate motif, but surmounted by an eagle with raised wings clutching arrows and olive branch, and holding in its beak a scrolling ribbon with a dry-point etched "E Pluribus Unum."
Benjamin Franklin Harley (ca.1815 to 1853) was a Philadelphia businessman and merchant. He jointly held an 1844 patent for a new method of casting iron hinges, and by 1845 is listed in the city directory with that as a specialty. He almost certainly was involved with the prewar militia: the Cadwalader Greys and 1st Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry attended his funeral in 1853 according to bills in his probate file. He received a commission as 2nd Lieutenant of infantry in the U.S. Army 2 March 1847 and was assigned to the 11th Infantry April 9. This was the third iteration of that regiment, this time as one of ten new regiments raised for one-year's service in the Mexican War and recruited in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. The battle honors of the presentation are a record of his service. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant 12 August 1847 and is mentioned as one of two officers leading part of the regiment in pursuit of Mexican forces in the attack on a Mexican fort, the Casa Mata, in the Battle of Molino del Rey in September. He also received a brevet to captain to date 10 August 1847 for "gallant and meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco."
After the fighting ended, Harley remained with the army on occupation duty at Mexico City, posted in the nearby village of Lerma. As among the generals, there was conflict among lower ranking officers over credit for wartime deeds. Adjutant D.S. Lee of the 11th apparently authored an anonymous letter to a hometown paper claiming that he had caught up the mortally wounded Colonel of the regiment during the Battle of Molino del Rey, a rather bloody Pyrrhic victory. Harley, however, was recognized in the regiment as the officer beside the Colonel in the fighting, and although on the verge of leaving for home on a ninety-day leave, he denounced Lee as a liar, accepted Lee's challenge in response, and thus got to select the weapons: Mississippi rifles at thirty paces. These were apparently obtained from the "Regiment of Voltiguers and Foot Riflemen," one of whose officers, James J. Archer, later Confederate general, witnessed the duel on 3 May 1848 along the road between Lerma and Mexico City.
Lee chose two fellow Viriginians seconds. One was Thomas Jonathan Jackson, then serving as an artillery lieutenant. Jackson "won the word" by one account, meaning that he supervised the proceedings, and apparently laid out the rules in no uncertain terms, drilling the participants, like the "awkward squad." Archer recounted the duel in a letter just two days later: "They fought at sundown near Lerma, with Voltigeur rifles at thirty paces — standing with their rifles slanting downwards at an angle of 45 degrees, and firing between the words "fire, one two, three, stop " — neither hit — after the first fire Lee's friend Lt. Jackson of the Lt. Artillery expressed himself satisfied and the parties left the ground without, however, any apology or retraction from Harley, who was very anxious for another shot — This he had no right to ask, having gone out to give, not to receive satisfaction and, when a man says he is satisfied, you can not well insist that he is not satisfied enough, especially when satisfying him any more might injure his health."
Archer apparently understates Harley's anger at not resuming the fight: he added the label of "thief" to his accusation against Lee, on the ground that Lee had stolen his legitimate claim to "bravery and soldierly devotion" by one account. There was no follow-up, however: Harley was on his way back to the states by May 21, where he was to testify at a courtmartial and was honorably mustered out 13 August 1848.
Harley received the sword in October and may have married during this period as well. Information is sketchy, but his will mentions his wife, Catherine. He did not stay in Philadelphia long, however: by February 1849 the Gold Rush was on and he was advertising in the Philadelphia papers for members to join a company headed to the California. Prospecting may not have worked out, but by 1850 we find him as deputy sheriff in San Francisco, where he remained until late 1852. With vigilante and gang activity at the time, must have been a figure of some authority. He was licensed to own a "powder house," where residents were obliged to store any gunpowder in amounts over 25 pounds and he is once referred to as holding several hundred muskets for the militia. Harley returned to the east coast by the packet steamer "SS Illinois," docking in New York in January 1853, and died just a month later in Philadelphia, on February 11. Newspapers gave his age as 38. Other records say 37 years, 6 months. He left several properties in San Francisco to his wife and to his mother. He also left behind one impressive sword.